Information on the Internet
In order to write an article or report that as fully as possible about the event or incident, you need to find out all the details, get comments from the participants of the event, add information about what happened before. The well-known journalist and, in the recent past, BBC producer Mark Grigoryan tells how to effectively search for information on the Internet.
You can search for facts, events, phenomena or information about them in the real world and virtual. The Internet is taking up more and more space in our lives, and the amount of information that can be obtained on the Internet is growing very rapidly.
Usually, every journalist develops the habit of referring to a certain number of sources over time, which, in his opinion, are the most efficient and provide the most complete information.
But we must remember: although the information taken from any source may seem to us completely accurate, in order for us to be professionally journalistic confident in it, it must be confirmed from another source that is not connected with the first.
Potential sources of information on the Internet can be divided into three types.
Sources related to professional journalism are news agencies, online media, and regular media websites.
Reference sources – dictionaries, encyclopedias, databases.
Journalistic Internet Sources
As a rule, news agencies distribute news by subscription. But most agencies put up info
As a rule, news agencies distribute news by subscription. But most agencies also post information on the site – albeit with some delay.
On the websites of some agencies you can search for specific information, including, by keywords, often also by dates, regions and topics.
These are media that exist only on the Internet. Information network media are similar to agencies, as they publish their materials promptly. However, they have an important advantage – interactivity. On many online media sites, readers can comment on content.
True, such commenting often turns into an empty exchange of barbs (or – worse – curses), but this can be attributed, rather, to the costs of interactive communication on the Internet.
This category includes the sites of newspapers, television or radio companies. The sites of major global newspapers now operate around the clock and function as independent online media.
True, not all newspapers can afford to contain such advanced and independent sites. Many limit themselves to simply publishing a print version of a newspaper on the Internet. It may happen that the last issue of the newspaper is not fully or late on the Internet.
Some newspapers introduce paid access to their materials on the Internet. For example, the Times and, more recently, Sun.
But this is still an important source of information for a journalist.
On the websites of television and radio companies, as a rule, you can see and hear most of their products – not only individual news stories, but also entire programs. It has become commonplace to already broadcast all the broadcast on the Internet, with the exception of some feature films, which is connected with the copyright issue.
Many professional journalistic sites actively use the possibilities of presenting information in a multimedia format – they expose audio and video files, photographs and slide shows. When covering important events, leading sites often use the “live” format, when site readers are given the opportunity to monitor events in real time.
The disadvantages of all these sites include some delay in the publication of information (except for lighting in “live” mode). It happens because news agencies are interested in having their materials first received by subscribers, and only then they are put out for public access, and online media, in turn, must first process the information received.
In addition, the “regular” media do not always put their materials openly in full.
In addition, modern search engines, such as Google, Bing, Yahoo or Yandex, have a special search format for news, which indexes materials that appear on the websites of news agencies, newspapers or online media.
And finally, there are databases on the Internet where you can search by keywords for information published in the media. The most popular such database in English is LexisNexis, which, incidentally, has the ability to search in Russian. But the information in this database is available only by subscription. It is not in the public domain.
Online directories, dictionaries, encyclopedias